How To Prevent Kidney Failure

What causes chronic kidney disease

Anyone can get CKD. Some people are more at risk than others. Some things that increase your risk for CKD include:

High blood pressure (hypertension)
Heart disease
Having a family member with kidney disease
Being African-American, Hispanic, Native American or Asian
Being over 60 years old

Symptoms of chronic kidney disease

You may notice one or more of the following symptoms if your kidneys are beginning to fail:

Muscle cramps
Nausea and vomiting
Not feeling hungry
Swelling in your feet and ankles
Too much urine (pee) or not enough urine
Trouble catching your breath
Trouble sleeping
If your kidneys stop working suddenly (acute kidney failure), you may notice one or more of the following symptoms:

Abdominal (belly) pain
Back pain
Having one or more of any of the symptoms above may be a sign of serious kidney problems. If you notice any of these symptoms, you should contact your doctor right away.

How can I prevent

Diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common causes of CKD. If you have diabetes or high blood pressure, working with your doctor to keep your blood sugar and blood pressure under control is the best way to prevent kidney disease.

Living a healthy lifestyle can help prevent diabetes, high blood pressure and kidney disease, or help keep them under control. Follow these tips to lower your risk for kidney disease and the problems that cause it:

Follow a low-salt, low-fat diet
Exercise at least 30 minutes on most days of the week
Have regular check-ups with your doctor
Do not smoke or use tobacco
Limit alcohol

Treatment Of Kidney Failure

Damage to your kidneys is usually permanent. Although the damage cannot be fixed, you can take steps to keep your kidneys as healthy as possible for as long as possible. You may even be able to stop the damage from getting worse.

Control your blood sugar if you have diabetes.
Keep a healthy blood pressure.
Follow a low-salt, low-fat diet.
Exercise at least 30 minutes on most days of the week.
Keep a healthy weight.
Do not smoke or use tobacco.
Limit alcohol.
Talk to your doctor about medicines that can help protect your kidneys.
If you catch kidney disease early, you may be able to prevent kidney failure. If your kidneys fail, you will need dialysis or a kidney transplant to survive.

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